Foreign bodies


Eye may be exposed to foreign bodies’ injuries, whether at home or at the workplace. Among these objects are:

  • Metallic fragments
  • Sawdust.
  • Dust.
  • Stone fragments
  • Projectiles.



What to do in case of a foreign body eye injury?

  • Avoid rubbing the eye so as not to push the foreign body to a deeper layer, and cause more damage to the eye.
  • Go immediately to the nearest eye care emergency.


To protect the eye from foreign body injuries


Wear protective eyeglasses if there is a breakaway-fragment hazard (Sand or sawdust).



Many chemical solutions are used daily at home and in the workplace, the most dangerous of which are alkali (basic) solution. Widely used chemicals include:


  • Toilet and bathroom cleaners.
  • Wet plaster and cement.
  • Insecticides.
  • Paint.


What should you do in case of chemical exposure?

  • Flush the eye immediately with clean water while the eyelids are widely open. Because any delay in diluting the chemical, solution in the eye could result in serious damage.
  • If water is not available, use any other available liquid such as cold milk or buttermilk.
  • Go immediately to the nearest eye care emergency.


To protect the eye from chemical solution exposure

  • Wear protective eyeglasses when working with chemicals.


  • Keep Chemicals out of the reach of children.


Penetrating injuries

Objects that might cause penetrating eye injuries:

  • Tree thorns.
  • Toys with sharp edges.
  • Sharp kitchen tools ,
  • Sewing needles, pencils.


Superficial eye injuries

The flowing objects may cause superficial injuries to the eye:

  • Welding glare.
  • Fingers or papers.
  • Unsharpened and edgeless objects.
  • Misuse of contact lenses

What should you do in case of superficial or penetrating eye injury?

  • Never rub the eye.
  • Place protective shield to avoid pressure on the eye or eyelid.
  • Seek medical emergency immediately.
  • Seek nearest medical emergency immediately.