Retina is the light-sensitive tissue lining the inner surface of the eye which consists of the endings of nervous filaments and melanocytes that transmit images to the brain through the optic nerve.
Retinal detachment is the peeling away of the retina from its underlying layer of support tissue which leads to sudden blurred vision particularly if the detachment occurs in the center of the retina.
Retinal detachment is a very serious problem as it causes blindness if it is not treated immediately by surgery.
Risk factors of retinal detachment or rupture
- High myopia.
- Complications of eye surgery.
- Weak areas in the retina.
- Eye trauma.
- A family history of retinal detachment.
- previous retinal detachment in the other eye.
Symptoms of Retinal Detachment
- Flashes of strong white light like camera flashes seen whether the eye is open or closed.
- Sudden decreased vision.
- Increased Numbers of floating black spots.
- Patient experiences a shadow or gray curtain affects any part of the peripheral vision.
floating objects and flashes are common and do not always mean a retinal rupture or retinal detachment existence. However, when they appear suddenly and with vision loss, seek medical advice immediately.
- Periodical visit to an Ophthalmologist and early detection of any symptoms like floaters or flashes.
- Diabetes is threatening disease which may cause retinal detachment; therefore, blood sugar should be controlled as much as possible.